alaverdis tadzari

kavkasions, gomboris qedsa da garekaxetis zegans shoris mdebare vels, romelsac dghes alaznis veli ecodeba, vaxushti batonishvilis cnobit, dzvelad turme aloni erqva. „veli, alonad codebuli“ oditganve kaxetis samefos nacili yofila da kaxetis udides mdinares alazansac saxeli misgan miughia. „alaznis dasavletit ars alaverdi, kaxetis mtis kaltis velsa zeda, didsheni, zghude-palatebiani, gumbatiani, romelman moigo saxeli alonis gamo, romel ars alonguerdi“, - cerda vaxushti batonishvili. misi azrit, saxeli alonguerdi drota ganmavlobashi alaverdad qceula. „alaverdi“ turqul-arabuli carmoshobis sityvaa da „ghvtisgan nabodzebs“ nishnavs. es cneba nayofierebasa da mosavaltan iyo dakavshirebuli, amitom im qveynebshi, sadac umtavresad micatmoqmedebas misdevdnen (mat shoris saqartvelosa da somxetshi), es saxeli dghesac hqvia ramdenime dasaxlebul adgils. mat shorisaa kaxetshi, alaznis velze,
mdebare sofelic. sxva mecnierta versiit, scored man misca saxeli ert-ert umnishvnelovanes qartul martlmadideblur cents - alaverdis samonastro kompleqss. VI saukuneshi cminda ioane zedaznelis kurtxevit ert-erti asureli mama, iosebi, kaxetis sxvadasxva kutxeshi qadagebda. bolos igi sofel alaverdis axlos daemkvidra. ertxel turme cminda mama sanadirod gamosul kaxel tavads shexvda da ghvtis sityva uqadaga. qristes sjuls naziarebi didebuli daxmarebit mama iosebs cminda giorgis saxelze patara eklesia aushenebia. cminda mamastan siaxlovis survilit aq bevri morcmune dasaxlebula. roca amba ioseb alaverdeli gardaicvala, mocafeebma igi mis mierve ashenebul tadzarshi dakrdzales. drota ganmavlobashi aq mnishvnelovani samonastro centri chamoyalibda. X saukuneshi dacyebul qartul samtavrota gaertianebis dziritadi gherdzi martlmadidebloba iyo. am dros saqartvelos sxvadasxva kutxeshi titqmis ertdroulad daicyo didi sakatedro tadzrebis mshenebloba.
X-XI saukuneebs mijnaze, 50 clis ganmavlobashi, aigo bediis tadzari afxazetshi, bagratis tadzari - qutaisshi, sveticxoveli - mcxetashi, oshki - tao-klarjetshi da alaverdis axali didi tadzari - kaxetshi alaverdis axali sakatedro tadzari ioseb alaverdelis patara eklesiis adgilas kvirike kaxta mefes XI saukunis dasacyisshi augia. alaverdi imtavitve kaxetis mtavar salocavad iqca. amave periodshi aq sheiqmna ert-erti umnishvnelovanesi eparqia saqartveloshi. masshi shedioda fshav-xevsureti, tusheti, mere, kakabeti, vardisubani, arbuxi, ghanuxi, chibiniani, alaverduli, axateli, iyalto, acyveri, tianeti, kisisxevi, uto, kondoli, cinandali, veliscixe. kaxetis shemoertebis shemdeg davit aghmashenebelma alaverdis saepiskoposo sruliad saqartvelos ertian eklesias dauqvemdebara.
alaverdis saymo mamulta umravlesoba tadzris irgvliv mdebareobda, nacili ki sxvadasxva soflebshi iyo momofantuli. alaverdeli episkoposebi monastris cinamdzghvradac itvlebodnen da amitom ambas codebasac atarebdnen. XVI saukunidan alaverdelma episkoposebma mitropolitis tituli miighes. alaverdis tadzari mravaljer dazianda momxdurtagan. misi pirveli didi restavracia aleqsandre kaxta mefis dros, XV saukuneshi, momxdara. am dros tavidan aushenebiat chamoqceuli gumbatis yeli da kedlebis nacilebi. tavdapirvelad tadzari ufro dabali yofila, aghmdgenel xurotmodzghvars ki misi epoqisatvis damaxasiatebeli maghali gumbati daushenebia, ris gamoc alaverdis tadzari yvelaze maghali nageboba gaxda saqartveloshi (misi simaghle 50 metria). mefe aleqsandres tadzrisatvis uxvad sheuciravs ymebi da mamulebi. 1616 cels alaverdi daarbia shah-abas I-ma. shah-abas II-is mier chamosaxlebulma turqmanta momtabare tomebma ki misi mamulebi sadzovrebad gadaaqcies.
1659 clis ajanyebis shemdeg kaxeti turqmanebisgan gatavisuflda, magram ziani imdenad didi iyo, rom saepiskoposo mxolod saukunis bolos aghdga. amis shemdeg tadzari jer lekebma daarbies, xolo 1735 cels ki tamaz-xanma aaoxra. 1742 cels „moxeda risxuaman da sheidzra queyana, da dairghva da sheimusra alaverdis eklesia“. micisdzvrit dazianebuli tadzris aghdgena teimuraz II-is meughles, dedofal tamars daucyia da mat shvils, erekle II-s daumtavrebia. amave dros momxdurtagan dasacavad alaverdis tadzars qvis galavani shemoartyes. alaverdis kompleqsi sxvadasxva danishnulebis nagebobebisagan shedgeba. aq iyo episkoposis sasaxle, satrapezo, samreklo, marani, abano da sxv. aqvea 1615 cels ashenebuli feiqar-xanis aguris sasaxle.
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