gergetis yovladcmida samebis tadzari

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„aghmosavletidam aragus ertvis... achxotis xevi. amis chrdilot ars stefan-cmida, daba kargi. ... dasavlit aris gergeti, aragus iqit kidesa. zeit amissa ars, myinvaris kaltasa zeda, monasteri samebisa, gumbatiani, mcxetis samkaulis saxizrad, sadaca essuena ninos jvari, shueniernasheni, shueniers adgils“. (vaxushti batonishvili) gergetis sameba yazbegis raionshi (dzv. stefancminda) md. chxeris napiras, zghvis donidan 1800 m-ze mdebareobs. tadzari landshafttan shercymita da mimzidveli kompoziciit saqartvelos saeklesio xurotmodzghvrebis gamorcheuli nimushia.
eklesia da samreklo imgvaradaa ganlagebuli maghali mtis cverze, rom tergis xeobidan shtambechdavad ikitxeba myinvarcveris fonze mkvetrad gamokvetili tadzris siluetebi, romlistvis tvalis mocyveta titqmis sheudzlebelia. amitomac, adridanve, xevis umtavres salocavs, romelic xshirad mtis tetr ghrublebsaa shefarebuli, tavisi mshvenierebis gamo „xevis patardzals“ ucodeben. gergeti imitacaa gamorcheuli, rom aghmosavlet saqartvelos mtianetshi ertaderti gubmatovani tadzaria. cyarota ucyebit sameba samonastro kompleqsi yofila.
dgheisatvis ki dzveli monastridan shemorchenilia galavnit shemosazghvruli: yovladcmida samebis saxelobis gumbatovani eklesia, samreklo da tadzris samxret fasadze mishenebuli mcire zomis sabcheo (sabcheoshi mtis dzveli chveulebis tanaxmad, uxucesta sabcho ikribeboda, romelic temis cxovrebis umnishvnelovanesi sakitxebis gadacyvetis organo gaxldat). tadzris agebis tarighi ucnobia, arc mis msheneblebsa da msheneblobazea shemonaxuli cnobebi. mis saxelcodebashi termin „gergetis“ moxseniebas ki ganapirobebs is adgilmdebareoba, sadac tadzaria aghmartuli. adridanve sofeli gergeti mdinare tergis marcxena mxares iyo gashenebuli, xolo marjvena mxares istoriuli xevis administraciuli centri - stefancminda. tadzari ki marcxena mxares, nasoflar gergetis teritoriazea agebuli. XX s. bolo mesamedshi, kerdzod 1966 c.
sofeli gergeti yazbegs sheuertda, magram eklesiis dzveli saxelcodeba ucvleli darcha da mas chveulebis tanaxmad kvlav gergetis samebas ucodeben. gergetis sameba sashualo zomis centralur-gumbatovani nagebobaa. tadzris gegma gare scorkutxedshia moqceuli. mas ori shesasvleli aqvs - samxretidan da dasavletidan. samxret shesasvleli shesamchnevad ganieria dasavletisaze. tadzris interiershi ashkarad igrdznoba gumbatis yelisa da qveda tanis proporciata sheusabamoba. zomebit isini erti-ertzea, rac epoqis damaxasiatebeli nishania (XIV-XV ss.) da msgavsi proporciuloba im periodis sxva tadzrebzec aghinishneba. cina periodis sxva arqiteqturul dzeglebshi gumbatis diametris shefardeba danarchen nacilebtan gacilebit naklebia, tumca tadzris gumbati maghalia, romelzedac proporciis daucvelad aris ganlagebuli patara sarkmlebi.
eklesiis sakurtxeveli sakmaod ghrmaa, romlis shua adgilze dgas cmida trapezi. igi tavdapirveli, tadzris ashenebis droindeli unda iyos. sakurtxevlis marjvniv da marcxniv tito otxkutxa satavsia, samxretit - sadiakvne, romelic centralur naciltan scorkutxa karitaa dakavshirebuli, chrdiloetis mxares ki - samkvetlo. samkvetlo tito karit ukavshirdeba sakurtxevels da darbazs. sadiakvnes patara sarkmeli samxretis mxridan aqvs gachrili, rogorc cesi msgavs shemtxvevebshi sarkmeli aghmosavletidan unda iyos, magram ostats, rogorc etyoba, sarkmeli samxretis fasadis mortulobistvisac gamouyenebia. samkvetlos sarkmeli ki aghmosavletidan aqvs gachrili. sadiakvnesa da samkvetlos zemot tito satavsia, e.c. samalavebi, saidanac konqszeda sivrceshi sheidzleba moxvedra.
orive satavsi aghmosavletis mxridan natdeba tito patara sarkmlit. tadzari aseve gamoircheva samalavta simravlit da mis yvela monakvets aqvs didi an patara meore sartuli: gverdit navebs, sakurtxevels, dasavletis mklavisa da mcire zomis gverditi jvris mklavebitac ki. faqtiurad eklesia orsartuliania da misi meore sartuli ucxostvis sheumchnevlad arsebul sakmaod did samalav sivrces carmoadgens, rac tadzris tavdacvit funqciasac mianishnebs ara marto am kutxis mosaxleobisa da saeklesio sicmindeebisatvis, aramed qartlis baristvisac. vaxushtis ucyebit, igi adridanve,
„...mcxetis samkaulis saxizrad“ itvleboda da garkveul dros mterta shemosevisas, „aq esuena ninos jvario“. tadzris shida sivrces dziritadad centraluri jvris mklavebi da matze aghmartuli gumbati qmnis. jvris mklavebidan gverditebs orjer aghemateba aghmosavletisa da dasavletis ghrma mklavebi. tviton gumbati ki dayrdnobilia sakurtxevlis kutxeebze da dasavletit tavisuflad mdgar or svetze. gumbatis yeli metad maghalia, mas simaghles matebs zemot arsebuli samalavebis gamo sarkmelebis did simaghleze motavseba, tumca garedan aghnishnuli asimetriuloba arc ki sheinishneba.
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